The national capital of India- Delhi is on a major infrastructural development phase. With the Vision and Mission to give Delhi an international recognition and make it a global metropolis city, the Master Plan 2021 is all set to develop the city’s infrastructure.
The Masterplan 2021 includes many aspects to provide best living experience and resources. The residents and visitors will have a good atmosphere, world-class infrastructure, Best public transport, and better living for everyone. This will definitely give the national capital an international recognition and global presence. This is a very large scale plan and is has many hurdles and challenges in the way like rising population, providing adequate housing facility to all with focusing more on providing housing for weaker and low-income sections of the society, the informal, unorganized sector and the small-scale industry and business sector. Another major issue is to deal with the slums, farmers of the area, helping them to upgrade their living and old and slums of that area. At the same time, it is equally important to conserve and avoid large-scale damages to the environment and preserve the city’s heritage. To develop a city with the large population and giving its infrastructure altogether a modern development is itself a challenging task. There should also be no resistance to change. People should also accept and participate in the changing and development process. They should have a sense of ownership as it is required in the maintenance of the entire developed phase.
Foundation of the Masterplan – Delhi
The whole developmental plan is not a new or recent plan of the city. It began after the Independence of the nation. The whole process of infrastructural development of the National Capital of India – Delhi started with the enactment of the Delhi Development Act 1957. After the Delhi development Act 1957, there was the promulgation of the Master Plan of Delhi in 1962 (MPD-62)
With the vision of Micro-level and Macro level development of the city, The Act MPD 62 was framed. It was designed with the vision of the development of the capital of the country. A large-scale development by acquiring large pieces of land was the basis of the plan, and developing all the possible resources was also a part of the plan outline.
As we all know, post the independence it was early stages of the growth and development of the Indian economy, most of the development was planned to be public sector, government and led & driven. During that time development with the amalgamation of the private sector was not accepted and conceptualized, on a mass scale. Post independence, at the early stage of the development process, the whole process of planned development was not shared with the private sector, be it the housing or the infrastructural development. But time has drastically changed today. Today, the PPP Model of development has become a necessity.
But in the 20th century, when thing has changed a lot in terms of country’s economy, technology and global presence, The Master Plan for Delhi 2001 (MPD-2001) tries to evolve and develop a more inclusive and planned development model, in both the housing sector as well as infrastructural sectors. There are land plans, blueprints, the zonal plans and the layout plans that also reflect the technological and thought process advancements.
The sudden change in the direction of the expected development can be a result of the somewhat drastic change in anticipated population growth. They anticipated a population growth of 128 lacks but it happened to be 138 lacks, under the MPD 2001. This growth wasn’t factored in for shelter, as well as the suffocation of the resources of infrastructure & facilities.
Let us discuss some aspects that were raised and used as directions for the policy guidelines for the Delhi master plan 2021.
- Considering the present scenario, the current financial status of the nation and other challenges that our country faces, reconsider and review some of the large-scale development and acquisition schemes.
- Identification of some other options and alternates for the development of areas which were originally finalized for urban development in MPD-2021
- Developing a planned system under which the allocation of basic infrastructure could take place simultaneously
- Unlike the old working approach, today the private sector is also involved aggressively. They are majorly involved in the allocation and development of land and provision of infrastructure services.
This time the Master Plan has a focus on developing the existing base differently and densification of the existing urban areas of Delhi. They want to preserve the rich heritage of the city and keep it intact.
The Master Plan majorly focuses on:
- Developing infrastructure to accommodate the larger population in less space
- High-tech global level infrastructure
- Developing more open space and healthy environment
- Reconstructing and working again on the development of the congested areas